Part Time Employee Advantages
For workers, flexibility is the key advantage of part-time jobs. Because they work less than a full-time day, they still have time to attend school, recover from an illness, care for family members, volunteer at worthy causes or work at another job for extra income. Those working less than half a day have the choice to work mornings, afternoons or evenings in establishments with longer hours. During busy periods, such as around the Christmas holidays at retailers, part-timers may be called upon to work longer or full-time shifts, which increase their earnings. A worker who shares his position with others in the same job knows that if he gets sick or needs to take a vacation, others can do his work.
Part Time Employee Disadvantages
Part-time workers usually do not receive benefits such as health insurance, sick leave, holiday pay or vacations. When they are not working, they earn no income, which may prove detrimental during sudden illnesses or if they need to take a break. When times are bad, they are typically laid off before full-timers, because they have less time on the job and do not have the expertise of full-time workers. Part-timers may not be promoted as quickly as regular employees, if at all.
The chief advantage for employers instituting part-time work is the lower employment cost since they do not have to provide insurance, sick leave and vacations. They can request more hours of employees during busy times and cut back on hours when business is slow, without having to worry about hiring new workers or letting go of existing ones. Breaks and vacations for one worker can automatically be covered by another part-time worker by staggering their job hours. Part-timers also count, for far less cost, when meeting affirmative action goals mandated by the law or government contracts. Two part-timers may provide a wider set of skills than one person could.
Administrative costs for part-timers may prove higher because employers must process paperwork and provide more management oversight than what one worker entails. Part-timers have neither the experience nor the same security that a full-time worker brings. Consistency of performance may be more difficult when more than one person works at the same task. Part-timers are more inclined to leave when offered full-time work or higher salaries elsewhere. They may work more than one job in a day, making it difficult to change their schedules and making them prone to exhaustion more quickly and more often.